Höre Doomsday Book gratis | Hörbuch von Connie Willis, gelesen von Jenny Sterlin | 30 Tage kostenlos | Jetzt GRATIS das Hörbuch herunterladen | Im. Das Domesday Book, englisch „Buch des Jüngsten Tags“, ursprünglich King’s Roll oder Winchester Roll, ist ein Grundbuch von England, das auf Lateinisch die Ergebnisse landesweiter Ermittlungen im Jahrhundert festhält. Der ungewöhnliche Name des. Das Domesday Book [ˈduːmzdeɪ ˌbʊk], englisch „Buch des Jüngsten Tags“, ursprünglich King's Roll oder Winchester Roll, ist ein Grundbuch von England.
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The Inquisitio Eliensis is a record of the lands of Ely Abbey. Parts of Devon, Dorset, and Somerset are also missing. Otherwise, this contains the full details supplied by the original returns.
Through comparison of what details are recorded in which counties, six Great Domesday "circuits" can be determined plus a seventh circuit for the Little Domesday shires.
Then sent he his men over all England into each shire; commissioning them to find out 'How many hundreds of hides were in the shire, what land the king himself had, and what stock upon the land; or, what dues he ought to have by the year from the shire.
And all the recorded particulars were afterwards brought to him. The primary purpose of the survey was to ascertain and record the fiscal rights of the king.
These were mainly:. After a great political convulsion such as the Norman conquest, and the following wholesale confiscation of landed estates, William needed to reassert that the rights of the Crown, which he claimed to have inherited, had not suffered in the process.
His Norman followers tended to evade the liabilities of their English predecessors. The successful trial of Odo de Bayeux at Penenden Heath near Maidstone in Kent less than a decade after the conquest was one example of the Crown's growing discontent at the Norman land-grab of the years following the invasion.
Historians believe the survey was to aid William in establishing certainty and a definitive reference point as to property holdings across the nation, in case such evidence was needed in disputes over Crown ownership.
The Domesday survey, therefore, recorded the names of the new holders of lands and the assessments on which their tax was to be paid.
But it did more than this; by the king's instructions, it endeavoured to make a national valuation list, estimating the annual value of all the land in the country, 1 at the time of Edward the Confessor 's death, 2 when the new owners received it, 3 at the time of the survey, and further, it reckoned, by command, the potential value as well.
It is evident that William desired to know the financial resources of his kingdom, and it is probable that he wished to compare them with the existing assessment, which was one of considerable antiquity, though there are traces that it had been occasionally modified.
The great bulk of Domesday Book is devoted to the somewhat arid details of the assessment and valuation of rural estates, which were as yet the only important source of national wealth.
After stating the assessment of the manor , the record sets forth the amount of arable land , and the number of plough teams each reckoned at eight oxen available for working it, with the additional number if any that might be employed; then the river-meadows, woodland, pasture, fisheries i.
The organisation of the returns on a feudal basis, enabled the Conqueror and his officers to see the extent of a baron's possessions; and it also showed to what extent he had under-tenants and the identities of the under-tenants.
This was of great importance to William, not only for military reasons but also because of his resolve to command the personal loyalty of the under-tenants though the "men" of their lords by making them swear allegiance to himself.
As Domesday Book normally records only the Christian name of an under-tenant, it is not possible to search for the surnames of families claiming a Norman origin.
Scholars, however, have worked to identify the under-tenants, most of whom have foreign Christian names. The survey provided the King with information on potential sources of funds when he needed to raise money.
It includes sources of income but not expenses, such as castles, unless they needed to be included to explain discrepancies between pre-and post-Conquest holdings of individuals.
Typically, this happened in a town, where separately-recorded properties had been demolished to make way for a castle. Domesday Book was preserved from the late 11th to the beginning of the 13th centuries in the royal Treasury at Winchester the Norman kings' capital.
It was often referred to as the "Book" or "Roll" of Winchester. In the Middle Ages, the Book's evidence was frequently invoked in the law courts.
In it was among citations for a real manor which helps to evidence legal use rights on and anchorage into the Crown's foreshore;   in as to proving a manor, adding weight of years to sporting rights deer and foxhunting ;  and a market in The two volumes Great Domesday and Little Domesday remained in Westminster save for temporary releases, until the late 20th century.
They were held variously in offices of the Exchequer the Chapel of the Pyx of Westminster Abbey ; the Treasury of Receipts; and the Tally Court.
From the s onwards they were held, with other Exchequer records, in the Chapter House of Westminster Abbey.
The chest of around the same date, in which they were stowed in the 17th and 18th centuries, is alongside. The have been removed from Westminster, then Kew, rarely.
In —63 they were sent to Southampton for photozincographic reproduction ;  —19, to counter the closing peak of aviation in World War I , they were evacuated with other Public Record Office documents to Bodmin Prison , Cornwall; likewise in —45, World War II to Shepton Mallet Prison , Somerset.
The volumes have been rebound on several occasions. Little Domesday was rebound in , its older oak boards being re-used. At a later date probably in the Tudor period both volumes were given new covers.
They were rebound twice in the 19th century, in and , on the second occasion by the binder Robert Riviere and his assistant James Kew. In the 20th century, they were rebound in , when their physical makeup was examined in greater detail; and yet again in for the survey's ninth centenary.
On this last occasion Great Domesday was divided into two physical volumes, and Little Domesday into three volumes.
The project to publish Domesday was begun by the government in , and the book appeared in two volumes in , set in " record type " to produce a partial- facsimile of the manuscript.
In , a volume of indexes was added. In a supplementary volume, separately indexed, was published containing.
Photographic facsimiles of Domesday Book, for each county separately, were published in —, also by the government.
Today, Domesday Book is available in numerous editions, usually separated by county and available with other local history resources.
Domesday is by the far the most complete record of pre-industrial society to survive anywhere in the world and provides a unique window on the medieval world.
Discover what life was like in 11th century England, from how society was ordered to what people ate. Explore our online resource about Domesday, with tasks and questions you can use in the classroom.
In addition to enormous intangible and historical value, Domesday is a precious object and work of art that elicits awe and curiosity. All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.
Search our website Search our records. Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Its form owed much to Anglo-Saxon precedent, but within each county section it was organized on a feudal basis.
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Die Freude war gro, der Doomsday Book nicht zum Heldenepos verkommt. - NavigationsmenüDeutsch-Französischer Krieg.